Web hosting is, at it’s basic core, files and folders on a computer that is connected to the internet and setup to distribute them. When you signed up for your domain, a web hosting account was created. Although you typically will interact mostly with the web interface to create subdomains, install applications, and other common tasks, you might occasionally also need to work directly with the files in your account. The File Manager in your cPanel is one way to see these files.
Let’s take a look at the File Manager built into your cPanel to get a better understanding of the file structure that makes up your website(s).
Go the UMW Domains homepage and click Login
in the top righthand corner.
After logging in, you will see your cPanel. access cPanel. If you were already logged in to Domain of One’s Own, click Manage Your Account and then Dashboard in the menu at the top of the site.
On the homepage of your cPanel, click on File Manager.
You are now sent to the File Manager and can navigate the folder structure there.
You’ll notice when the File Manager opens up that this looks very much like a folder on your computer. By default you have a variety of folders at the root of your web space (the first screen you see when you open up the file manager). Some of them are created automatically to store information about the panel and setup of certain sites.
Your root domain, (mydomain.com), corresponds with a folder called public_html. Whatever files and folders are inside of this folder are available at that domain. If you installed WordPress here you’ll likely see a lot of WordPress-related files within it. Let’s say we uploaded an image called mypicture.jpg into the public_html folder. That image would now be available at mydomain.com/mypicture.jpg. The slash after your domain implies “this file is inside this folder.”
What about subdomains? Folders for subdomains are located inside the public_html folder. So when you go to the File Manager and navigate to public_html you’ll see folders listed for all of your subdomains and once you navigate inside one of those folders you’ll see files and folders specifically for that subdomain that appear on the web at that subdomain’s address.
The File Manager in your cPanel is great to view these files and folders, but it can be limiting if you want to upload many files to folder at once. If you find yourself wanting to do more with the files and folders on your web space you can download an FTP program like Filezilla and connect to your website by creating an FTP account in your cPanel. An FTP program will allow you to upload and download an unlimited number of files and folders quickly.